Passion flower is considered the most bioactive of the species in the family Passifloraceae. Passion flower which is also known as maypop, apricot vine, passion vine, and granadill is the common name for the above-ground parts of the plant Passiflora incarnata L. It grows as much as 30 ft (10 m) tall, with a thick, woody stem. The drug is made up of the dried aboveground parts of this climbing shrub. The passion flowers have a genus of about 400 species of flowering plants and the largest in the family of Passifloraceae.
Passion flower extract contains vitexin, isovitexin and their c-glycosides, kaempferol, quercetin, and rutin; indole alkaloids , mainly harman, harmaline, harmine; coumarin derivatives; cyanogenic glycosides (gynocardin); amino acids (including GABA); fatty acids (linoleic and linolenic); gum; maltol; phytosterols (stigmasterol); sugars (sucrose); and a trace of volatile oil.
Traditional herbal medicinal product for relief of mild symptoms of mental stress and mood disorders along with sleep disorders and temporary insomnia to aid sleep.