Lemon balm is the common name for the leaf of the plant Melissa officinalis L. Folium. It is a member of the Lamiaceae (mint) family, native in the Eastern Mediterranean region and in Western Asia. The plant is cultivated or harvested in wild to obtain the leaf for medicinal use.
The leaf of Melissa officinalis L. contains flavonoids (quercitrin, rhamnocitrin, luteolin), hydroxycinnamic acids (rosmarinic acid, caffeic acid, and chlorogenic acid), monoterpenes, acidic triterpenes (ursolic and oleanolic acids), sesquiterpenes, tannins, and essential oils (citral, citronellal).
Melissa officinalis L., leaf has been used in Europe internally as a mild sedative and to relieve minor gastrointestinal complaints for a very long time.
Traditional herbal medicinal product (Melissa officinalis extract or Lemon balm extract) for the relief of mild symptoms of mental stress and to aid sleep.
Lemon balm extract uses treatment of amenorrhoea, asthma, bee stings, coughs, dizziness, dysmenorrhoea, migraine headaches, tachycardia, toothache, tracheobronchitis and urinary incontinence in folk medicine.