Salvia officinalis, also known as sage, is a perennial, evergreen shrub that has been used since ancient times. It is native to Mediterranean region and belongs to the Lamiaceae family.
The major components found in sage are 1,8-cineole, camphor, borneol, bornyl acetate, camphene, α- and β-thujone, linalool, α- and β-caryophyllene, α-humulene, α- and β-pinene, viridiflorol, pimaradiene, salvianolic acid, rosmarinic acid, carnosolic acid, ursolic acid, etc.
In the past, sage was used for treating snakebites and is known to increase fertility in women, while it is used to treat Alzheimer’s disease, high cholesterol, diabetes, and menopausal symptoms in today’s medicine. Furthermore, the extract is used for digestive problems such as loss of appetite, gastritis, diarrhoea, bloating and heartburn.